Communicative skills, or communication.. Language acquisition, use and employ them orally and in writing in various areas of communication



The first to use the term world lingual American "Dell Hymes," when he saw that the idea of Chomsky is a limited capacity for comprehensive, Valkvaih communicative or communications "is a set of capabilities that enable language acquisition, use and employ them orally and in writing in various areas of communication" Concerned with the development of communication and languages ​​and be able to use, a proper employment of language in communicative situations.

Valtoasl requires, within the institution, knowledge of structural and semantic rules and deliberative, grammatical and morphological and vocal language Almtakatab them.

 Valkvaih is the ability to produce, but they are governed by the social status of the speaker and the receiver.

Judith Green believes that this ability to use language in the linguistic communication is part of the Linguistic knowledge of a person.

Governing the use by the context in which being a linguistic phenomenon.

The definition of communicative competence at "Michael Canal" and "Merrill Swain" four capacities, are:

1- Grammar and the ability to include "knowledge of lexical units and the rules of exchange, and the significance of sentence structures and sounds," that is, it means the control of the linguistic code, which is equivalent language ability when Hymes.

2- The ability of the speech, the ability to link sentences to form a speech and the formation of structures of meaning in a sequence.

3- Social language ability, and knowledge of social and cultural norms of language and speech, and requires understanding the social context in which they are used language.

4- Strategic capability, which is the backbone of understanding the communication process, but became a stand-alone component.

These capabilities are the same components that make up communicative competence:

1- Linguistic component:
knowledge of structural and semantic rules and parliamentary language.

2- Rhetorical component:
the extent of knowledge and possession of various forms of discourse and organized according to the requirements of the communicative situation that are produced and interpreted.

3- Reference component:
knowledge of the fields of experience and topics of the world and the relationships between them.

4- Alsosiothagafa component:
knowledge and own social norms and standards of interaction between individuals, institutions and knowledge of cultural history and cultural relations between the social issues.